Currently there are more than 6000 kinds of wine grape varieties, but can produce a good wine grapes only 50 or so, can be roughly divided into two white grapes and red grapes. White grape, color green, yellow, mainly used for making sparkling wine and white wine. Red grapes, colors are black, blue, red, dark red, dark flesh, some white grapes are colorless, so after the peeled white red grape juice can be used in making white wine, such as Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) is for red grape varieties, but can also be used in brew of champagne and white wine.
In the more than 50 kinds of the wine made from grape varieties, the more common red grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Camry, Syrah, Sangiovese, Nebbiolo, Zinfandel,Carmenere, Tempranillo, Malbec. Common white grape varieties: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Pinot Gris and Semillon, Gewurztraminer and so on.
Whether it is white or red grapes grape varieties, necessary for their growth characteristics and cultivation of natural conditions, such as climate, soil, sunlight and other factors have determined the choice of each wine grape varieties, of course, some traditional and market factors sometimes doped. For example, dry heat and wind of France South of the Rhone Valley is dry heat and strong winds of Grenache, the main producer, and hot Eastern Mediterranean climate is not suitable for planting early and harsh climate Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir). Instead, Frost's Chablis region often choose which germinate early are more vulnerable to the threat of spring frost Chardonnay varieties. If that is the soul of wine grape varieties, the fruit is definitely the soul support. Grape berry fruit aroma is wine's origin. Different grape varieties, contain different fruit ingredients, thus leading to different wines are fruity, formation of flavor is also characteristic.
Red grapes and berries aroma of white grape varieties each have their own characteristics, so as to make a different style of red wine and white wine. Red grape varieties, mainly with black fruit and red fruit, Berry flavor is strong, brewed aroma of red wine are also quite strong. Nowadays most of the globe introduction France variety, like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, petit verdot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, as well as Spain's Tempranillo and United States Ruby Cabernet and other grape varieties with rich berry-like aroma. Cabernet Sauvignon, for example, the varieties contains black currant, green pepper, cedar, black cherry and BlackBerry fruit, red wines made from this variety often carry currants, green pepper and Cedar aroma, and quite strong and has excellent aging ability. In the new world, ripe Cabernet Sauvignon under the warm climate also make wines with more sweet black cherry, BlackBerry fruit flavors, soft and lovable.
As for white grape varieties, mostly floral, Green Apple, lemon, banana, pineapple and other tropical fruits, fruit is light, making white wine the aroma emitted by lighter, not as rich as red wine. The case of Sauvignon Blanc, which contains fresh vegetal aromas of white grape varieties, often with grass after rain, Aloe Vera and fruit of blackcurrant buds, fresh-brewed wine aromas and lighter.